Published March 2006
by Nordic Council of Ministers .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||156|
The main purpose of the study is to support the coming updating work of the present BREF´s (BAT Reference Documents) in the corresponding areas, and also to promote the possibilities to include Nordic examples in these study made it very clear, that there are a lot of BAT-level processes, sub-processes, measuring technologies etc. in both : Nils-Olov Lindfors and Pertti Kostamo. The study includes a total of 35 objects, which are rather well divided into the "steel production" and "ferrous metals processing" areas. In addition to the new descriptions of the Nordic BAT-level objects the both present BREF's are commented from today point of : Nils-Olov Lindfors and Pertti Kostamo. 21 April BAT in the Iron and Steel Industry 22 Example for BAT: Sinter plants’ primary emissions. / (print),/ (online) - The BREF entitled ‘Iron and Steel Production’ forms part of a series presenting the results of an exchange of information between EU Member States, the industries concerned, non-governmental organisations promoting environmental protection and the Commission, to draw up, review, and where necessary, update BAT reference documents as required.
2 Materials Used to make Steel Iron Ore Composition Iron very rarely occurs in the earth's surface as a metal. It is widely distributed, combined with oxygen as iron oxides. In fact it is believed that iron makes up about 5% by weight of the earth's crust. Geologists recognise various types of iron ore, classified chiefly according to iron (Fe)File Size: KB. Global iron and steel market Production. Over the last 35 years, the iron and steel industry has seen significant changes. In mln tonnes of steel was produced and the following countries were among the leaders: USSR (21% of global steel production), Japan (16%), USA (14%), Germany (6%), China (5%), Italy (4%), France and Poland (3%), Canada and Brazil (2%). An input material has certain capabilities with respect to the ability to manipulate it to form a product element that has the desired shape, dimensions, material properties, material features, and types and number of defects. These capabilities can be appraised based on the following two criteria: 1. Composition and microstructure. An input material must have the composition and. Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed from the sourced iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel.